Make your own free website on

Alexander Pope

Historical Background- Timeline
Home | Historical Background- Timeline | Interesting Information | Study Questions | Author Biography | The Major Works of Alexander Pope | Influences | Imagery Analysis | Great LInks | The Rape of the Lock | Picture Gallery | Themes | Theme Analysis | Style | Literary Movement | Page Title | Works Cited

In order to have a deeper understanding of an author's works, we must understand the time period in which the author lived and the events that influenced him or her. Here are some of the most notable events that might have influenced the ideas of Alexander Pope. There are two timelines a general one, signaling major philosophical and political change and a detailed one:  
General Timeline
1600-1708   East India Trading Company
1618-1648   British Enlightenment
                      Major Figures: Hobbes, Locke, Hume
1715-1750   French Enlightenment
                      Major Figure: Voltaire
1618-1648   Thirty Years War
1640-1653   Long Parliament
1642-1648   English Civil War
1643-1715   French Absolutism under Louis IV
1688             Glorious Revolution
1707             Great Britain created
1701-1714   War of Spanish Succession
Detailed Timeline

1603: 24 March - Death of Elizabeth I - James I became King of England

1605: 5 November - Gunpowder plot - Guy Fawkes attempts to blow-up Parliament

1606: 12 April - Union Jack adopted

1607: Appearance of Halley's Comet

1611: Authorised version of Bible published

1613: Trinity Hospital founded in Greenwich.

1614: King James I gave Palace of Placenta at Greenwich to his Queen (Anne of Denmark)

1617: Henry Briggs introduces decimal notation.

1618: Sir Walter Ralegh put to death

1619: Death of Queen Anne (Queen's House only partially built)

1620: 6 September - Pilgrim Fathers set sail in Mayflower to America from Southwark sail past Greenwich.

1622: First English newspaper

1625: 27 March - death of James I

1625: Parliament gave Charles I tonnage & poundage for one year only

1629: King Charles I (1600 - 1649) commissions Queens House to be completed by Inigo Jones for his Queen Henrietta Maria.

1634: Ship money demanded by Charles I without Parliament's consent

1635: Queens House in Greenwich completed by Inigo Jones (1573 - c1652).

1635: Connecticut first settled

1636: Hackney carriages in London

1642: English Civil War breaks out - Greenwich no longer favoured royal residence.

1653: Body of Richard Deane lay in state at Greenwich.

1657: Body of Robert Blake at Greenwich.

1660: Charles II welcomed on Blackheath on his return from exile.

1660: Composition of light discovered by Sir Isaac Newton

1661: Hand-struck postage-stamps first used.

1661-2 Bridge Rooms added to Queens House by King Charles II.

1662: Royal Society of London receives Royal Charter

1665: Great Plague in London

1665-6: Samuel Pepys (1633 - 1703), famous diarist, lived in Greenwich.

1666: 2 June: Samuel Pepy's records gun-fire heard at Greenwich from English-Dutch naval conflict.

1666: 2-6 September - Great Fire of London

1675 - 22 June: Greenwich Royal Observatory created by Royal Warrant

1675: 10 August - Building of Royal Observatory commenced

1675: John Flamsteed appointed first Astronomer Royal.

1676: Royal Greenwich Observatory built by Sir Christopher Wren.

1676: Greenwich ferry starts operating across the River Thames.

1680: Buccaneers' Raids. John Coxon defeated at Panama

1681: Oil street lights first used in London

1682: Appearance of Halley's Comet

1688: King William III and Queen Mary II ascend the English throne.

1689: Queen Mary II (wife of William III) welcomed at Greenwich on first arrival to England.

1694: October: Greenwich Hospital established by Queen Mary's royal charter (now Royal Naval College).

1698: Peter the Great works in ship-yard in Deptford.

1699: Rangers House built on edge of Greenwich Royal Park.

Enter supporting content here